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What Is Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)?

If you have symptoms of POI, please see a doctor

Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is characterized by the ovaries’ inability to produce normal estrogen levels and release eggs regularly. Often mistaken for premature menopause, POI typically occurs in women under 40 years of age and can significantly impact fertility and reproductive health. We’ll explore the symptoms, causes, and treatments for women with POI, emphasizing the importance of seeking expert care from fertility specialists such as those at V-Fertility Center. V-Fertility Center is an IVF/ICSI clinic in Bangkok, Thailand. We offer a complete range of infertility screening services and fertility treatments, including:

  • Surgical sperm retrieval (SSR)
  • Cryopreserve egg and sperm freezing
  • Infertility screening
  • IVF/ICSI treatment (using Embryoscope Plus)
  • Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

We can diagnose primary ovarian insufficiency and provide treatments.

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency Symptoms

Women with POI may experience a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Problems focusing or remembering
  • Mood swings
  • Decreased libido
  • Difficulty conceiving

These symptoms can affect a woman’s quality of life. If you have any of these symptoms, or you’ve missed a period for three months or more, please make an appointment with a fertility specialist at V-Fertility Center to have your condition diagnosed.

Causes of Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Your doctor can explain the causes of POI

Several factors can contribute to the development of POI, including:

  • Autoimmune Diseases: In some cases, the immune system mistakenly attacks the ovaries, leading to ovarian dysfunction and POI.
  • Cancer Treatments: Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can harm ovarian tissue, resulting in decreased ovarian function and premature ovarian failure.
  • Genetics: Genetic abnormalities, such as Turner syndrome or Fragile X syndrome, may increase the risk of POI. Additionally, specific genetic mutations may predispose women to early ovarian insufficiency.

Periods can be missed for various reasons, including stress, diet changes, changes in exercise routines or pregnancy. Understanding the underlying cause of POI is critical for developing an effective treatment plan and dealing with fertility concerns.

Can I Get Pregnant While Having POI?

The chances of getting pregnant while having POI are significantly reduced, as the ovaries aren’t working consistently. However, if you continue to have occasional periods while having POI, it may still be possible for you to become pregnant.

Fertility Treatments for POI

While POI can significantly impact fertility, there are various treatment options available to help women conceive. Some of these include:

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): HRT entails taking estrogen and progesterone to replace the absent hormones that the ovaries are no longer producing adequately. This can help alleviate symptoms of POI and support reproductive function.
  • Ovulation Induction: Fertility medications, including gonadotropins or clomiphene citrate, are used to stimulate ovulation in women with POI, increasing the chances of conceiving naturally or with assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).
  • Donor Eggs: For women with POI who are unable to produce viable eggs, using donor eggs from a healthy, fertile woman can be an option for achieving pregnancy.

The fertility specialists at V-Fertility Center in Bangkok have extensive experience and expertise in treating POI and helping people achieve their dream of parenthood. With state-of-the-art facilities and a JCI accreditation for excellence in reproductive medicine, V-Fertility Center offers comprehensive fertility services tailored to each patient’s needs.

Why Choose V-Fertility Center?

  • Expertise: V-Fertility Center boasts a team of highly skilled fertility specialists, embryologists, and support staff providing compassionate care and personalized treatment plans.
  • Advanced Technologies: We have the latest advancements in reproductive technology, including cutting-edge laboratory facilities to optimize treatment outcomes.
  • Holistic Approach: V-Fertility Center takes a holistic approach to fertility care. We address the physical aspects of infertility and the patient’s emotional and psychological well-being throughout their treatment or IVF program.
  • Success Rates: With a track record of success in helping couples overcome infertility challenges, V-Fertility Center offers hope and reassurance to people trying to start a family.

Make an Apointment at V-Fertility Center

Primary ovarian insufficiency can present significant challenges for women hoping to conceive, but with the guidance, treatments and support of fertility specialists, many women can achieve successful pregnancies. If you’re experiencing symptoms of POI or struggling to conceive, don’t hesitate to seek help from the experts at V-Fertility Center in Bangkok. Please schedule an appointment today.

Article by Dr.Worawat Siripoon

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